A piece of land that has been bought (unseparated parcel) can be formed into an independent real property unit by parcelling. A parcelling survey is most often necessary when property is acquired through a sale, an exchange or as a gift. An inherited piece of land must also be parcelled. It is also possible to transfer an unseparated parcel from one real property unit to another by parcelling.
If you have bought or otherwise become the owner of an unseparated parcel, it is not necessary to apply for parcelling, as the procedure is automatically initiated when registration of title to the unseparated parcel has been granted.
In larger municipalities, the municipality is responsible for parcelling unseparated parcels in areas covered by a local detailed plan. For more information, contact your municipality.
A property owner can also apply for a parcelling survey, where his or her real property unit is split into several separate real property units.
Applying for a parcelling survey
A parcelling is automatically initiated once an unseparated parcel has obtained registration of title.
It is only necessary to apply for parcelling when a property owner wishes to parcel out a part of his or her real property unit into a separate real property unit while retaining ownership of the new real property unit.
How does a parcelling survey proceed?
The National Land Survey notifies the owner of the unseparated parcel once a parcelling survey has commenced.
A parcelling survey consists of archival research before the cadastral survey meeting is held, a cadastral survey meeting, work in the terrain, writing cadastral survey documents and registering the survey in the Cadastre.
Matters pertaining to the parcelling are discussed and decided at a cadastral survey meeting. The parties are advised to attend the meeting, even though their absence does not prevent the parcelling from going ahead. The parties are notified in writing of the exact time and place of the meeting, at least ten days in advance. The surveyor and parties can also agree on a time and place.
Before the cadastral survey meeting, the surveyor collates information about old easements related to the property, property boundaries, matters related to land use planning and other information related to the use of the real property unit.
If the old boundaries are unclear, the owners of adjoining properties will also be invited to the cadastral survey meeting.
What happens at the cadastral survey meeting?
- Following decisions taken at the meeting, a new real property unit is formed.
- The surveyor finds out if the real property unit to be formed is encumbered by old easements or rights.
- If new rights are granted which benefit the newly-formed real property unit, (e.g. right of way), matters related to compensation for these rights are decided at the cadastral survey meeting.
- If old boundaries are unclear, a boundary demarcation will be held in conjunction with the parcelling to clarify and demarcate them.
- The owners of the real property unit to be formed can suggest a name to be given to it.
- Shares in jointly owned land or water areas are discussed and decided.
- Costs of the cadastral survey are discussed and decided.
Work in the terrain
Work in the terrain required by the parcelling is usually performed in conjunction with the cadastral survey meeting. The unseparated parcel is mapped and its boundaries are marked in the terrain. We recommend that everyone in the terrain wear suitable clothing, such as rubber boots.
Recruiting auxiliary staff and acquiring the boundary markers is the responsibility of the National Land Survey.
Parties who are dissatisfied with the decisions taken during cadastral survey proceedings have the right of appeal to the Land Court within 30 days of the completion of the cadastral survey. The surveyor will give more information about the appeals procedure at the cadastral survey meeting.
Documents and registration
After the cadastral survey meeting and work in the terrain, the cadastral survey documents will be written. When the cadastral survey has entered into force it will be registered in the Cadastre and related documents will be permanently archived in the electronic archives of the National Land Survey. Cadastral survey documents will be sent to property owners as agreed at the cadastral survey meeting.
- The cadastral survey charge for parcelling is based on the area that is the object of the parcelling.
- Price list (in Finnish)
- Handling time estimate: 6 months
When you apply for parcelling and wish to retain ownership of the new real property unit:
- Complete the cadastral survey application (in Finnish).
- Include a map showing the area to be parcelled.
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