A real property unit is an independent unit of land ownership that has been registered in the cadastre. A real property unit that is located in an area covered by a local detailed plan is called a plot.
A real property unit consists of the area of land within its boundaries, its shares in joint property units and any easements benefitting the property, such as rights of way. In most cases, any buildings located on the real property unit also belong to it.
Our registers containing real property data are public. The real property unit identification number is the key to information in our registers about a particular real property unit. Information from the registers are available by ordering an extract that is subject to a charge.
Which extract do I need?
We can provide you with various extracts and certificates as the situation demands. To place an order for an extract, you need to find the real property unit identification number of the property.
- The ownership information of a real property unit is shown on the certificate of title.
- The leaseholder of a property is shown on the certificate of lease. To place an order for an extract, you need the establishment identifier from the lease invoice.
- The location of the real property unit is shown on the extract from the cadastral index map.
- The encumbrances of the real property unit are shown on the certificate of mortgages and encumbrances.
- The area and any easements and rights related to the real property unit are shown on the extract from the cadastre.
- The name of the road cooperative as well as the private road identification number and road cooperative contact information (if submitted), in addition to a list of real property units that are adjacent to the road, are shown on the extract from the private road register.
- The purchase prices of completed real property sales are shown in the Official purchase price register.
Extracts and certificates are available from municipalities and Local Register Offices as well as from the National Land Survey. At the National Land Survey's customer service points you can look at information concerning a particular real property unit free of charge.
Information about the property on the map
- The cadastral index map shows the location of real property units. The boundaries and property identifiers of real property units are also presented on the MapSite or the Finnish geoportal Paikkatietoikkuna.
- A cadastral survey map is drawn when a real property unit is formed or later, when a cadastral survey is conducted on the property. The location of boundaries and rights can later be determined from the cadastral survey map.
The area of the property
The precise area of a real property unit is shown on the extract from the cadastre. It is, however, possible to see the approximate area of a property in the Finnish geoportal Paikkatietoikkuna.
To measure the approximate area of a property in Paikkatietoikkuna, select ”Measure Area”.
The boundaries of a property
Property boundaries are marked with boundary markers in the terrain when forming a property. Boundary markers indicate the boundary lines of a property. A boundary can also be a natural terrain formation, such as a shore, drainage ditch or road.
The exact location of a boundary can be seen in the terrain or on cadastral survey maps.
Property ownership information
If you need property ownership information, you need to visit one of the National Land Survey's service points. There you can take notes of the ownership information of up to ten real property units free of charge. If you call the National Land Survey's customer service, you can get the ownership information of one real property unit free of charge when you give the real property unit identification number.
If you need the property ownership information of more than ten properties, it is available as a file or a printout, subject to a charge. In such cases, you need a purpose of use for the property ownership information as an extensive report that is authorised by the law. The property ownership information of more than ten properties is a personal data file as defined by the Personal Data Act. Gaining access to such a file requires the submission of a request for transfer of property ownership information to the National Land Survey. See the price list (in Finnish) for the prices of property ownership and address information.
You can also find out who the owner of a property is by buying a certificate of title.
Purchase price statistics
Freely available Official Purchase Price Statistics (in Finnish) can be downloaded from our publications, with the heading Kiinteistöjen kauppahintatilasto.
When statistics at a regional (some at a municipal) level are insufficient, extracts from the Purchase price register of completed property purchases are available from the National Land Survey, subject to a charge. The extract from the purchase price register contains information about the area, purpose of use, location and purchase price of the object of purchase, as well as whether or not there are any buildings on it and whether or not it is covered by a local detailed plan or local master plan.
Read more about the Purchase price register.
Zoning information from the municipality
Some important information related to real property units is provided by the municipalities. The National Land Survey's customer service is a good place to start when you are looking for zoning information related to your property. Based on the information provided by us, you can consult your municipality for more information.