FGI carried out a survey that aimed to describe the provision and operation of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) services in Finland in terms of security-critical functions. The study was commissioned by the National Emergency Supply Agency (NESA) as part of the Digital Security 2030 -program.
In addition to the current state of GNSS services, the study identified important needs and shortcomings for security of supply, as well as possible solutions to them. These solutions were considered both in end-user interviews as well as on the basis of the latest research data.
The study showed clearly that the need for positioning and timing services, and therefore the GNSS-related market, continues to grow. This finding highlights the vulnerability of these services. The Galileo system, the PRS signal in particular, will contribute to improving the availability and reliability of GNSS. In addition, we found that in Finland, satellite positioning activities and authority tasks have been fragmented into different sectors and there is a clear shortage of experts in the field.
GNSS critical to electricity networks and financial sector among others
GNSS is critical for the functioning of certain fields of society, such as electricity networks and the financial sector. According to the survey, issues to be developed included the transfer of the exact time particularly to those actors for whom the exact time information is the most critical. This so-called time synchronization would act as a fallback system if time information is not available from GNSS satellites for example due to interference. Information on the availability and quality of the GNSS signal throughout Finland would also serve critical actors.
The study is based on interviews with key stakeholders. These groups are GNSS-related authorities, security authorities, key companies, research institutes and universities. In addition, national and international data and reports were utilized, as well as the end-user analysis of a research project funded by the Academy of Finland's crisis preparedness and security of supply research program. We also took advantage of the latest information available from international research networks and meetings on navigation and positioning.
Director Sanna Kaasalainen +358 50 369 6806 firstname.lastname@example.org