Registering a leasehold ensures the leaseholder's rights to the leasehold. A special right can be, for example, a leasehold, an agreement to divide the possession between joint owners, or another right to use a property owned by someone else.
As attachments to the application, you need either the original contract, or, in the case of a transfer of a leasehold, the purchase deed of the sale of the leasehold.
You can send the documents by post or deliver them to one of the National Land Survey's customer service points. We will return them without delay.
How to apply for the registration of a special right
- With some municipalities, it is possible to draft and sign a leasehold contract in the Property Transaction Service. Check with your lessor whether they are already using the National Land Survey's online services.
- It is possible to sell or purchase a leasehold in the Property Transaction Service. The application is initiated automatically in the Property Transaction Service.
- Your agent (such as your bank) can apply on your behalf.
- You can also apply for the registration of a special right with our online form at suomi.fi (in Finnish).
Registering a leasehold is mandatory
Registration of special rights is voluntary, except for leaseholds. Holders of a lease or other rights-of-use must apply for the registration of their right within six months, if:
- The leasehold can be transferred to a third party without the consent of the landowner.
- There are constructions belonging to the leaseholder on the leased land.
- It is permitted to build constructions belonging to the leaseholder on the leased land.
Transfer of a leasehold
It is mandatory to apply for the registration of a transfer of a leasehold within six months of the signing of the purchase deed.
Transfer tax must be paid for the transfer of a leasehold. Fill in the transfer tax form and pay the transfer tax using the Tax Administration's online service MyTax. The tax liability needs to be handled in conjunction with the transfer. It is not necessary to attach receipts to the application. The Tax Administration will inform the National Land Survey that the tax has been paid.
Special right or easement?
If the right has been granted to a person, it is registered as a special right. If the right has been granted to a property, it is an easement. Easements are granted in cadastral surveys (for example, private road rights, rights-of-use, in Finnish).
The processing time of a special right is 4–6 months.
Request for additional information
If necessary, the person who processes your application will ask you to provide additional information for the application. You can provide additional information via the National Land Survey e-service (in Finnish). Send the original documents to the National Land Survey by post. We will return them without delay.