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FGI Reports


Lehtinen, K., Prusti, T., Lammers, U., de Bruijne, J., Manara, C., Ness, J.-U., Siddiqui, H., Markkanen, T., Poutanen, M. and K. Muinonen, 2017. Astrometric measurements from digitized Carte du Ciel plates. FGI Reports 2017:1, 31 p.


The FGI Reports series will continue as FGI Reports – Reports of the Finnish Geospatial Research Institute.


2013:1 Zubko, N. and M. Poutanen (eds.), Proceedings of the 21st Meeting of the European VLBI Group for Geodesy and Astronomy. Reports of the Finnish Geodetic Institute, 268 p.


2011:1 Marila, S. and E. Honkavaara: Peltolohkorekisterin tarkkuustutkimus, EU-laadunvalvonta ja peltolohkorekisterin tarkkuuteen vaikuttavista tekijöistä. 35 sivua (in Finnish).


2006:1 Takalo, M., Kuznetsov, Y., Lehmuskoski, P., Kaftan, V., Mäkinen, J., Bikova, E., Demianov, G., Habarov, V., Poutanen, Yuskevich, A. and V. Zabnev: Connection of the Russian and Finnish Levelling Networks. 40 pages.


2004:1 Takalo, M., Rouhiainen, P., Jokela, J., Ruotsalainen, H. and J. Ahola: Geodetic measurements at the Pasmajärvi and Nuottavaara faults. 49 pages.


2001:1 Bilker M. and Kaartinen, H. : The Quality of Real-Time Kinematic

(RTK) GPS Positioning. 25 pages.


2000:1 Bogdanov, V.I., Medvedev, M. YU., Solodov, V.A., Trapeznikov, YU. A., Troshkov, G.A. and Trubitsina, A.A.: Mean Monthly Series of Sea Level Observations (1777-1993) at the Kronstadt Gauge. 34 pages.

2000:2 Oksanen, J. and Jaakkola, O.: Interpolation and Accuracy of Contour-based Raster DEMs. 32 pages.


99:1 Honkavaara, E., Kaartinen, H., Kuittinen, R., Huttunen, A. and Jaakkola, J.: Quality of FLPIS orthophotos. 33 pages.

99:2 Kaartinen, H., Huttunen, A., Kuittinen, R., Honkavaara, E., and Jaakkola, J.: Quality of FLPIS Land Parcel Digitization. 26 pages.

99:3 Jokela, J., Petrokevicius, P., and Tulevicius, V.: Kyvikes Calibration Baseline. 15 pages.

99:4 Poutanen, M. and Kakkuri, J., (Eds.): Final results of the Baltic Sea Level 1997 GPS campaign. Research works of the SSC 8.1 of the International Association of Geodesy. 182 pages.

99:5 Honkavaara, E., Bilker, M., Yu, X., Jaakkola, J., Kaartinen, H., Ylönen, J.: Orientation of Optical Airborne and Spaceborne Images for Small and Medium Scale Mapping Purposes. 57 pages.

99:6 Kilpeläinen, T. (Ed.): Map Generalisation in the Nordic Countries. 58 pages.

99:7 Takalo, M.: Verification of Automated Calibration of Precise Levelling Rods in Finland. 36 pages.

99:8 Matikainen, L., Grandell, J., Kuittinen, R., Vepsäläinen, J.: Snowmelt Monitoring Using Multisource Satellite Image and Ground Measurement Data. 46 pages.


98:1 Matikainen, L., Karjalainen M.,Kuittinen R.: SAR images and ancillary data in crop species interpretation. 47 pages. 

98:2 Kuittinen, R., Ahokas, E., Granqvist, M., Ikäheimo, E., Heikinheimo, M., Venäläinen, A., Jänne, S., Keskisarja, V., Parmes, E.: An early crop yield estimation method for Finnish conditions: the crop growth monitoring system of the joint research centre with and without remotely sensed and other additional input data. 118 pages.

98:3 Sildvee, H.: Gravity measurements of Estonia. 8 pages.

98:4 Vermeer, M. and Ádám, J. (Eds.): Second Continental Workshop on the Geoid in Europe. Proceedings. Hungary, Budapest, March 10-14, 1998. 288 pages.

98:5 Virtanen, H.: On superconducting gravimeter observations above 8 mHz at the Metsähovi station, Finland. 19 pages.


97:1 Matikainen, L., Yu, X., Kuittinen, R., Ahokas, E.: Updating topographic maps by using multisource data and knowledge-based interpretation. 60 pages.

97:2 Kuittinen, R (Ed.).: Proceedings of the Finnish - Russian seminar on remote sensing in Helsinki, 29. Aug. - 1. Sep., 1994. 140 pages.

97:3 Takalo, M.: Automated calibration of precise levelling rods in Finland. 14 pages.

97:4 Virtanen, H., Kääriäinen, J.: The GWR T020 superconducting gravimeter 1994 - 1996 at. the Metsähovi station, Finland. 26 pages.

97:5 Vermeer, M., Li, J., Guo, C.: Geoid determination by FFT techniques in the Western China test area. 15 pages.


96:1 Arabelos, D., M. Vermeer: Gravity Field Mapping from a Combination of Satellite Altimetry and Sea Gravimetry in the Mediterranean Sea. 22 pages.

96:2 Tziavos. I. N., M. Vermeer (editors): Techniques for Local Geoid Determination. Proceedings, Session G7, European Geophysical Society XXI General Assembly. The Hague, The Netherlands, 6-10 May, 1996. 183 pages.

96:3 Quanwei, L.: Determining the GPS Orbit with the Dynamic Collocation Model. 14 pages.

96:4 Kuittinen, R. (editor): Remote Sensing in Agriculture. Proceedings NJF Seminar, Finnish Agricultural Research Centre, Jokioinen, 21-23 Oct., 1996. 102 pages.

96:5 Lehmuskoski, P.: Active fault line search in Southern and Central Finland with precise levellings. 16 pages.


95:1 Virtanen, H., J. Kääriäinen: The installation of and first results from the superconducting gravimeter GWR20 at the Metsähovi station, Finland. 15 pages.

95:2 J. Kakkuri (editor): Final results of the Baltic Sea Level 1993 GPS Campaign. Research works of the SSG 5.147 of the International Association of Geodesy. 123 pages.

95:3 Kemppainen H.: On the formalization of the semantics of spatial objects. 99 pages.

95:4 Vermeer, M. (editor): Coordinate systems, GPS, and the geoid. Proceedings, NorFA Urgency Seminar held at Hanasaari, Espoo, Finland, June 27-29, 1994. 144 pages.

95:5 Vermeer, M.: Two new geoids determined at the FGI. 24 pages.

95:6 Poutanen, M., M. Ollikainen: GPS measurements at the Nuottavaara post glacial fault. 24 pages.

95:7 Vermeer, M. (editor): Latest Developments in the Computation of Regional Geoids. Proceedings, Session G4, European Geophysical Society XX General Assembly, Hamburg, Germany, 3-7 April, 1995. 73 pages.


94:1 Vermeer, M.: A fast delivery GPS-gravimetric geoid for Estonia. 7 pages, 1 map.

94:2 Kakkuri, J. (editor): Final results of the Baltic Sea Level 1990 GPS campaign. Research works of the SSG 5.147 of the International Association of Geodesy. 57 pages.

94:3 Jokela, J., M. Poutanen, R. Konttinen: The program for the 1993 adjustment of the Finnish First-Order Terrestrial Triangulation. 23 pages.

94:4 Jaakkola, O.: Finnish CORINE land cover - A feasibility study of automatic generalization and data quality assessment. 42 pages.

94:5 Bogdanov, V.I., M.Yu. Medvedev, K.A. Taybatorov: On the persistence of the oceanic background of apparent sea level changes in the Baltic Sea. 21 pages.


93:1 Xiaowei, Y, R. Kuittinen: The radiometric errors of preprocessed Landsat TM images and their effect on the accuracy of numerical interpretation. 47 pages.

93:2 Randjärv, J.: Vertical movements of the Earth's crust in the Baltic region. 33 pages.

93:3 Kukums, K.: Latvian geoid determination with mass point frequency domain inversion. 16 pages.

93:4 Kuittinen, R., J. Laaksonen: The effect of the spatial resolution of the satellite image on the object interpretation accuracy. 40 pages.

93:5 Hoegholen, A.: Kinematic GPS in aerotriangulation in Finland. 13 pages.

93:6 Jokela, J., M. Ollikainen, P. Rouhiainen, H.Virtanen: The gravity and GPS survey in Western Queen Maud Land, Antarctica, 1989-1992. 46 pages.

93:7 Lehmuskoski, P., P. Rouhiainen: The behaviour of the Wild N3 levelling instrument under varying temperature conditions. 24 pages.


92:1 Vermeer, M.: FGI studies on satellite gravity gradiometry. 3. Regional high resolution geopotential recovery in geographical coordinates using a Taylor expansion FFT technique. 30 pages.

92:2 Kiviniemi, A., R. Konttinen, A. Kuivamäki, M. Takalo, P. Vuorela: Geodetic observations on the Pasmajärvi postglacial fault. 18 pages.

92:3 Chen, R.: Processing of the 1991 GPS campaigns in central Finland for crustal deformation studies. 16 pages.


91:1 Chen, R.: On the horizontal crustal deformations in Finland. 98 pages.

91:2 Kadir, Abd.. Majid A.: Gravity field mapping over the Southeast Asian region using spaceborne gravimetry techniques. 75 pages.

91:3 Laurema, M., O. Jaakkola, T. Sarjakoski, L. Schylberg: Formalization of cartographic knowledge using an expert system shell. 49 pages.

91:4 Hakkarainen, J.: The use of MTF as a criterion of image quality. 18 pages.


90:1 Vermeer, M.: FGI studies on satellite gravity gradiometry. 2. Geopotential recovery at 0.5-degree resolution from global satellite gradiometry data sets. 26 pages.

90:2 Tscherning, C.C., R. Forsberg, M. Vermeer: Methods for regional gravity field modelling from SST and SGG data. 17 pages.

90:3 Hoegholen, A., J. Jaakkola: The influence of temperature variations on the photo coordinates in an analytical plotter. 38 pages.


89:1 Konttinen, R., M. Martikainen, M. Takalo: The Jämijärvi Calibration Baseline. 20 pages.

89:2 Jaakkola, J., O. Jaakkola, K. Makkonen, T. Sarjakoski: Satelliittikuvista karttatuotteeksi -esitutkimus kartoituksen asiantuntijajärjestelmän kehittämiseksi. 146 sivua. (in Finnish).

89:3 Vermeer, M.: FGI studies on satellite gravity gradiometry. 1. Experiments with a 5-degree buried masses grid representation. 26 pages.


88:1 Konttinen, R.: Baseline multiplication using the Kern Mekometer ME 3000. 10 pages.

88:2 Jaks, W., P. Fraczyk, K. Zeller, M. Ollikainen, T. Parm: Results of the Finnish - Polish Doppler Observation Campaign (FINPOLDOC). 11 pages.

88:3 Chen, R.: Plate tectonics at the joint of Pamirs and Tien-Shan in Central Asia. 14 pages.

88:4 Pisarenko, V., N. Rechitskaya, J. Kakkuri: The dependence of gradients of modern movements of the Earth crust on space scale in Finland. 7 pages.

88:5 Räty, J., J. Hakkarainen: Quality testing of system cameras. 16 pages.


87:1 Czobor, A, J. Adam, SZ. Mihaly, T. Parm, M. Ollikainen: Results of the Finnish-Hungarian Doppler Observation Campaign (FHDOC). 21 pages.

87:2 Grafarend, E.W., H. Kremers, J. Kakkuri, M. Vermeer: Modelling vertical refraction in the SW Finland Triangular Network TAGNET 3-D adjustment. 15 pages.

87:3 Hein, G.W., H. Landau, J. Kakkuri, M. Vermeer: Integrated 3D-adjustment of the SW Finland Test Net with the FAF Munich OPERA 2.3 software. 35 pages.

87:4 Ollikainen, M.: Astro--geodetic deflections of the vertical at first-order triangulation stations. 15 pages.


85:1 Kakkuri, J., M. Vermeer: The study of land uplift using the third precise levelling of Finland. 11 pages.

85:2 Takalo, M.: Horizontal -- vertical laser rod comparator. 14 pages.

85:3 Elstner, CL, R. Falk, A. Kiviniemi: Determination of the local gravity field by calculations and measurements. 8 pages.

85:4 Mäkinen, J., M. Ekman, AGE Midtsundstad, O. Remmer: The Fennoscandian land uplift gravity lines 1966 -1984. 238 pages.


84:1 Kukkamäki, T.J., P. Lehmuskoski: Influence of the earth magnetic field on Zeiss Ni 002 levels. 11 pages.

84:2 Montag, H., R. Dietrich, T. Parm, M. Ollikainen: The interstation distance Metsähovi - Potsdam based on satellite measurements. 8 pages.

84:3 Vermeer, M.: Geoid studies on Finland and the Baltic. 30 pages.


83:1 Suutarinen, O.: Recomputation of land uplift values in Finland. 17 pages.

83:2 Vermeer, M.: Chronometric levelling. 7 pages.

83:3 Hakkarainen, J.: Radial and tangential distortion of aerial cameras. 47 pages.

83:4 Vermeer, M.: A new SEASAT altimetric geoid for the Baltic. 10 pages.


82:1 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1981. 32 sivua (in Finnish).

82:2 Paunonen, M.: Studies on the Metsähovi satellite laser ranging system. 47 pages.

82:3 Lehmuskoski, P.: Systematic error resulting from asymmetric handling of a Zeiss Ni 002 automatic levelling instrument. 12 pages.

82:4 Niemi, A.: A technical report of the photographic astrolabe of Turku Observatory. 57 pages.

82:5 Jaakkola, J.: Photogrammetric height determination of gravity points. 19 pages.


81:1 Vermeer, M.: QIKAIM, a fast semi-numerical algorithm for the generation of minute-of-arc accuracy satellite predictions. 28 pages.

81:2 Heikkinen, M.: Solving the shape of the earth by using digital density models. 69 pages.

81:3 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1980. 30 sivua (in Finnish).

81:4 Taavitsainen, V.-M.: Vertical temperature gradient prediction by second degree response surface analysis. 14 pages.

81:5 Hakkarainen, J.: Effect of some flight factors on image quality. 26 pages.


80:1 Parm, T. (editor): Proceeding of the IAG-Symposium High Precision Geodetic Length Measurements, June 19-22, 1978. 364 pages.

80:2 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1979. 32 sivua (in Finnish).

80:3 Jaakkola, J.: Radial calibration of a grid for the goniometer. 19 pages.


79:1 Ojanen, O.: On the analysis of the return pulse of the satellite laser. 38 pages.

79:2 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1978. 33 sivua (in Finnish).

79:3 Mikkola, S.: Employing aerological measurements data for refraction evaluation. 3 pages.

79:4 Heikkinen, M.: Space-time representation of the gravity field. 22 pages.


78:1 Parm, T.: On the determination of the scale of the Finnish stellar triangulation net. 24 pages.

78:2 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1977. 33 sivua. (in Finnish)

78:3 Takalo, M.: Measuring method for the third levelling of Finland. 41 pages.

78:4 Contributions of the Finnish Geodetic Institute to the 8th Meeting of the Nordic Geodetic Commission. 52 pages.

78:5 Heikkinen, M.: CALC - an interactive computer language with unlimited numerical precision. 96 pages.

78:6 Mikkola, S.: Computing astronomical refraction by means of continued fractions. 13 pages.

78:7 Hakkarainen, J.: Image evaluation of aerial cameras in Finland. 34 pages.

78:8 Kakkuri, J., O. Ojanen, M. Paunonen: Ranging precision of the Finnish satellite laser range finder. 11 pages.


77:1 Sharma, A.B.: Experimental performance of the Metsähovi laser radar receiver. 24 pages.

77:2 Hytönen, E.: The National Report of Finland for the Commission for the New Adjustment of the European Triangulation. 10 pages. (distributed at the Symposium on the Readjustment of the European Trigonometric Network in Bruxelles 1977).

77:3 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1976. 25 sivua. (in Finnish).

77:4 Halme, S.J., J. Kakkuri: Description and operation of a satellite laser system. 63 pages.

77:5 Paunonen, M.: A fast subnanosecond rise time electro-optical shutter for the shortening of a Q-switched ruby laser pulse. 12 pages.

77:6 Kalliomäki, K.: Guiding and data processing system of the Finnish satellite laser range finder. 32 pages.


76:1 Ojanen, O.: Tietokoneohjelma satelliittilaserin teleskoopin suuntausta varten. 31 sivua. (in Finnish).

76:2 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1975. 27 sivua. (in Finnish).

76:3 Sharma, A.B.: A theoretical analysis of optical receivers used in satellite ranging. 27 pages.

76:4 Kakkuri, J., K. Kalliomäki: An automatically operated weather station. 19 pages.

76:5 Konttinen, R.: Stellar triangulation points Niinisalo, Tuorla and Naulakallio. 12 pages.

76:6 Oterma, L.: Lunette de Galilee pour controle faisceau laser. 3 pages.


75:1 Korhonen, J.: Program for the adjustment of the Finnish First Order Triangulation. 11 pages.

75:2 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1974. 24 sivua. (in Finnish).

75:3 Ojanen, O.: On the determination of elliptic orbits from the time micrometer observations. 15 pages.

75:4 Kiviniemi, A.: Measurements of wave motion in the ice surface. 12 pages.

75:5 Kääriäinen, E.: Land uplift in Finland on the basis of sea level recordings. 14 pages.

75:6 Honkasalo, T.: Finnish observations and research on earth tides in 1971-1974. 6 pages. (distributed at the XVI General Assembly of the IUGG in Grenoble 1975).

75:7 Parm, T.: High precision traverse for scale determination of satellite and stellar triangulation and for controlling the first order triangulation. 16 pages. (distributed at the XVI General Assembly of the IUGG in Grenoble 1975).

75:8 Halme, S, J. Kakkuri, M. Paunonen: The Finnish - Swedish satellite laser system. 8 pages.

(distributed at the XVI General Assembly of the IUGG in Grenoble 1975).

75:9 Kukkamäki, T.J.: Utilization of the 890 km long laser geodimeter traverse in space geodesy. 5 pages. (distributed at the Symposium on New Methods of the Space Geodesy in Leningrad 1975).

75:10 Sharma, A.B.: An integrating, centroid timing, receiver for satellite ranging. 25 pages.

75:11 Paunonen, M.V.: A high power Q-switched ruby laser for satellite ranging. 8 pages.


74:1 Kakkuri, J.: Base triangulation for unsurveyed areas. 6 pages. (distributed at Khartoum Symposium 1974).

74:2 Kalliomäki, K., J. Kakkuri: Time keeping methods applied in Finland. 40 pages.

74:3 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1973. 25 sivua. (in Finnish).

74:4 Kakkuri, J.: Results of tracking of the GEOS-2 satellite at Helsinki Astronomical Observatory (COSPAR No 9435). 9 pages.

74:5 Takalo, M.: The laser rod comparator. 14 pages.


73:1 Kääriäinen, J.: Ueber die 50-m lange Rohrlibelle zur Untersuchung der Neigung der Erdkruste. 21 S.

73:2 Parm, T.: Observing procedure and meteorological factors for electronic distance measurements. 6 pages. (distributed at Lagos Seminar 1973).

73:3 Parm, T.: A determination of the velocity of light using laser geodimeter. 12 pages.

73:4 Geodeettisen laitoksen vuosikertomus 1972. 25 sivua. (in Finnish).