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Strategic and Operational Risk Management for Wintertime Maritime Transportation System (STORMWINDS)

STORMWINDS  is an EU BONUS funded project that contributes to operational and strategic management of ecological risks to the Northern Baltic Sea, emerging from maritime transportation incidents and accidents. Focus is on wintertime conditions as most accidents in the area occur in the ice season. To achieve these aims, advances are made to support operational risk management in two ways. First, a holistic cross-border and cross-sector analysis of the vessel traffic control and emergency response services is performed, using a systems-theoretic approach. This analysis is further placed in context with maritime spatial planning, leading to policy-relevant recommendations. The systems-theoretic approach is furthermore applied to probabilistic, indicator-based safety management modelling for vessel traffic services operation and training. Second, specific tools for operational risk management are developed.


Accident prevention is enhanced through the development of e-navigation services related to ship routing and ship performance in ice. Accident response is enhanced through the development of smart response services for shipping accidents.

 STORMWINDS addresses strategic risk management through the development of a risk management model for spill response effectiveness in wintertime conditions, resulting in recommendations regarding fleet organization.

Both the operational and strategic risk management work require scientific advances in various fields, which are used in parallel to achieve the overall aims. The project duration is 3 years from 1.4.2015 to 31.3.2018, and the partner countries are Finland (project Coordinator: Prof. Pentti Kujala, Aalto University), Estonia, Russia, Sweden.

maritime safety
arctic seas
risk management
Research area
Funding organisation or partners
Academy of Finland
Other funding sources
Project partners
University of Tartu
Finnish Meteorological Institute
Tallinn University of Technology
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute
Novia University of Applied Sciences
Finnish Environment Institute
Institute of Numerical Mathematics, Russian Academy of Science