Topographic Database

The Topographic database is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The key objects in the Topographic database are the road network, buildings and constructions, administrative borders, geographic names, land use, waterways and elevation.

Aerial photographs, scanning data and data provided by other data providers are utilised in updating the Topographic database. The updating is done in close cooperation with the municipalities. Field checks in the terrain are also needed to some extent, mostly as regards the classification of features.

The topographic database is used in the production of other map products and in various optimisation tasks.

The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it


The Topographic database in vector format can be used as source data for various map products. The Topographic database is suitable for use as a base map for planning land use and for performing various optimisation tasks and analyses. The Topographic database is also suitable for use for instance in various applications for positioning, route search, maintenance and data collection that utilise GPS positioning.

Geographic location
Entire Finland
Responsible party

National Land Survey of Finland

Spatial representation
Spatial representation info
Full surface graph
Data content

All features of the Topographic database are available in GML format and the Road network with addresses is available as a separate sub-element.

A description of the contents of the Topographic database by themes and a more precise description of the Road network with addresses sub-element (in Finnish):

Topographic database object model:

GML-schema of the Topographic database (in Finnish)

A more precise description of the topographic data features (in Finnish)


Updating frequency: Continuous. The road network and geographic names are updated continuously, the administrative borders and the buildings yearly. The yearly updating data for the administrative borders are obtained from the material Municipal Division. Other features are updated one map sheet at a time in connection with a fixed-term updating process every 5–10 years. More precise information about updating can be found here:

The data set is maintained by the National Land Survey.


The Topographic database is the National Land Survey's most accurate nationwide dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. Its positional accuracy corresponds to that of scales 1:5,000–1:10,000.

The Topographic Data Quality Model contains information about which factors form the quality of numeric topographic data and how various quality factors are measured. Moreover, the quality model gives the quality requirements for instance for the positional accuracy, updating frequency, descriptive attribute data and coverage of topographic data. No quality requirements are set for geometric and topological data.

Different features in the Topographic database have different requirements for positional accuracy, for most man-made constructions the requirement is 3 metres. The positional accuracy of the features in the Topographic database is with a 95 percent probability in accordance with the minimum requirements stated in the quality model.

The up-to-date accuracy of the Topographic databases varies depending on the feature (see Maintenance).

The accuracy of descriptive data (attribute data) varies depending on the feature. For more accurate information, see descriptions of the different themes.

The size of coverage means the share of such features that are missing from the database or that can be found in the database but not in the terrain. Different features have different requirements for coverage.

The quality mode (in Finnish)l:

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1089/2010 of 23 November 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services.

The information product specification has not been published yet.

The product does not meet the specifications.

National Land Survey of Finland

Conditions applying to access and use

The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. Open data CC 4.0 license

More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it

The Topographic database is available as a version covering the whole of Finland and as versions covering a particular area. The area selection is based either on map sheets or administrative borders or on the customer's own selection in case the order is made separately. Road network with addresses is a separate element. The Topographic database and the Road network with addresses sub-element can be downloaded via the File download service or ordered from the NLS customer service as a delivery against payment. CAUTION: Not intended for navigational use. The Finnish Transport Agency has not checked the information in this product and is not responsible for its correctness or amendments made to the product.

Limitations on access

The copyright and the other immaterial rights on the Topographic database are owned by the National Land Survey of Finland. The product is maintained by using data from the municipalities. The Finnish Environment Institute and the Finnish Transport Agency have the copyright on the route information used in creating the Topographic database. In addition, the Finnish Environment Institute has the copyright on the depth contour data used in the Topographic database. The data material is not confidential. Public access to the material is not restricted by the INSPIRE Directive.

Reference system
ETRS89 / TM35FIN(E,N) (EPSG:3067)
N60 height (EPSG:5717)
Distribution format


Arvonlisäveroton hinta euroa (€) Arvonlisäverollinen hinta euroa (€), alv. 24 %
Koko aineisto tai osaelementti; yhtenäinen alue pinta-ala enintään 6500 km2
- Ensimmäinen 85,00 105,40
- Seuraavat 55,00 68,20
Koko aineisto tai osaelementti
- Koko Suomi 1 000,00 1 240,00
Yksittäinen kohdeluokka:
- Koko Suomi 500,00 620,00
- Alue tai kunta / 1:100 000-lehti / alle 1800 km2 85,00 105,40
Koko aineisto
- Ensimmäinen karttalehti 85,00 105,40
- Seuraavat karttalehdet 15,00 18,60
- Koko Suomi 500,00 620,00
Not based on a decree